5 Things Every Parent Should Know About Baby Acne

Ever noticed those red, little spots on your newborn baby’s face and body? That is Baby Acne. Yes, you heard it right. Babies get acne too, it is not just limited to teenagers. So why is your little bundle of joy covered in all this acne? How can you prevent it or even better, how can you reduce it? These are all the questions which we have in mind when dealing with baby acne and a good information about this can tremendously help you in keeping a check on your baby’s acne.

So here are the top 5 things which you should know about Baby Acne:

Photo By  : Mellisa J

  • What is the root cause?

It is still not clear why babies suffer from acne and how does it really happen but a general knowledge is that the babies are exposed to their mother’s hormones which in turn triggers the oil glands in their own body which results in an acne breakout. There is no specific thing which could have triggered this and there is no way to prevent this during pregnancy but since these go away quickly, there is nothing really to worry about here.

  • How can you prevent it?

There is no particular way to prevent it during a pregnancy but you can surely reduce it from expanding by following a few careful tips.

  • Don’t use adult products on your babies’ skin

There is a reason that the baby products exist. Adult products are made of harsh chemicals which are not suitable for your baby’s soft and vulnerable skin and as a result, their skin is more likely to react with the chemicals present. So make sure you always use baby products for your baby and not lather them up with your own adult products.

  • Keep your baby clean and dry

As we already know acne is more likely to grow on moist and dirty areas, so make sure you keep your baby clean and dry at all times. You don’t have to bathe your newborn every day but using a warmly soaked towel to clean them up can help tremendously. So make sure you always change your baby’s wet clothes and keep them neat and dry. You can use Car seats for infants and jogging strollers to keep your baby clean, protected and safe.

  • How to reduce the acne?

While you can’t completely make the acne go away, you can certainly help in reducing its exposure. Use a little breast milk on the affected areas and repeat this process 2-3 times a day. In a few days, you will notice that your baby’s skin is clear and healthy again.

If the breastmilk doesn’t work, don’t worry the acne will go away soon enough if you keep your baby clean and dry at all times. Don’t let them rub their acne prone skin and the acne breakout should disappear in some time.

  • Will they return once being fixed?

You might wonder if the acne will return once your baby is clear of them. No need to worry, now your baby won’t suffer from any acne as long as you keep your baby clean and dry. The acne will only return when your baby hits their puberty and well, then there is nothing you can do really.

  • Is it acne or something else?

Acne can be sometimes mistaken for whiteheads, pimples or eczema but it is always wise to consult with a health professional to make sure that your baby has acne only. If it is not acne and some other skin disease, you might need to contact the health professional and get the treatment for it. So it is always best to consult with a professional before assuming.

How to Make the Most of Bed Rest (and the Last Weeks of Pregnancy)

Sometimes due to unexpected reasons, you might end up in bed for a longer period than you anticipated. This could be due to a complicated pregnancy or because of something as normal as the last weeks of pregnancy. In the last weeks of pregnancy, you have to take care of yourself diligently and so, you are most likely to stay in bed and rest until it is time for your baby to come out. This could be really boring because let’s face it, who likes to stay in bed for days at end?

This infographic will tell you that Can Pregnant Women Eat Shrimp. So, what all can you do to make the most of your bed rest?

  1. Planning

Well, now that you are sentenced to stay in bed until the baby is born, you might as well plan all the things you would need to do once your baby is born. You can plan on all the baby items that you need to buy and what formula or crib you would buy for your baby. Basically, use this time to do the thorough research which would help you in providing comfort and safety to your baby.

  1. Stretch a little

When you are in bed rest, your body will revolt at times because it is not used to staying inactive for long periods of time. So, to avoid this situation, you can perform regular stretched in your bed itself. You don’t have to stretch too much, just a little stretch for a few minutes could do wonders.

  1. Keep in touch

Make sure that you don’t isolate yourself during this time and get in touch with your family and friends as often as you can. You can also discuss your baby plans with them and take their help to run a few errands for you.

  1. Work from home

If you love working and if it has been Okayed by your doctor, then you can also take up work from home and get done with your assignments and tasks. This way, you would be occupied while making good progress on your work so that you are not swamped with files when you return back to the office.

  1. Entertain yourself

You can also use this time to entertain yourself by watching movies or listening to music. If you are a book nerd, you could also use this time to get on track with your reading list. This will not only keep you entertained but you would be exposing your baby to many great literary books too.

  1. Take care of yourself

The most important thing to do during bed rest is to take care of yourself. Don’t over stress yourself by performing difficult tasks or complicated tasks. Keep it simple and safe. Make notes or write diary entries, stay loads of water, keep yourself happy and think about how your future is going to look like. Make sure you take your food on time and maintain a healthy, balanced diet too.

Goodbye to the pacifier

The most suitable moment

One of the issues that most concern parents is when to leave the pacifier. Most experts recommend dispensing with it when the child is two years old.

They argue the following causes:

  • -From a physical point of view, can cause the upper jaw to move forward, causing what we call open bite, ie when closing the mouth the upper and lower teeth do not match.
  • From a psychological point of view, it will help you overcome a stage of your development.

But the reality is that making a two-year-old child with no pacifiers usually requires time and patience on the part of the parents.

For most experts the limit for leaving the beloved tete is at five years. From the second birthday we started to try, but being aware that maybe we do not get it quickly. Each child has a different evolution and only he will know when he is prepared to take one more step in his development.

Goodbye to the pacifier

 

Dummy, yes or no?

The sucking reflex is innate in babies, as well as vital. Thanks to his need to suck you can feed during his first days and also reassures and gives him security. Therefore, many pediatricians do not oppose the use of pacifiers.

The latest studies recommend not offering it until you have learned to breastfeed correctly. On the one hand they may confuse it with the nipple and, on the other hand, it forces it to suck when it is not feeding, reason why the suction can be reduced during the suckling.

The pacifier reassures them, comforts them in bad times and many children find it imperative to sleep. In addition, the need to suck is so strong that they can use the big toe as a substitute. The problem is that the finger, being harder than a teat, exerts a greater pressure on the palate and, in addition, is much less hygienic.

Pacifier detractors highlight the possibility of deforming teeth, producing oral disorders or becoming a transmitter of infections. In what both agree both ones is not to allow the use of the pacifier beyond the two years.

Tips for leaving the pacifier

Before two years it is not convenient to force him to abandon it unless he does so spontaneously. When you decide to persuade him to leave, you must keep in mind that there is no going back; If you leave it again, it will live as a triumph of yours.

Tips:

  • Reduce the time spent with the pacifier so that after a few days, only use it to sleep.
  • If you fall asleep with it, gently remove it so that it loses the habit of having it all the time in the mouth.
  • You can get a deal with him, for example, leave the pacifier to some stuffed animal or somewhere and tell him that you will give it only when you ask because you need it.
  • If you manage to do without a little bit, celebrate your success with extras and do not forget to remind him how great he is.
  • Do not leave the pacifier in sight.
  • Hide it and give it only to sleep or when you are truly disconsolate.

Either way, it is almost certain that the child, as he grows up, leaves the pacifier on his own. If you start going to kindergarten, you may do so earlier and you will know that in the garden you probably do not have to bring it.

When to leave the bottle

It is not often that a small child leaves the bottle on his own, so, from the age of two, care must be taken that little by little the habit.

The bottle can be the cause of dental problems because, by suctioning, the liquid accumulates behind the front teeth and, as they have many sugars, can cause cavities.

Some tips may help the child to leave the bottle without problems:

  • Start to dispense with using it to give water or juice and reserve only for milk and cereals at breakfast and dinner, buy infant bottles to stimulate it.
  • It is good to set a date, decay it together and try to fulfill it.
  • Make sure that leaving the bottle does not coincide with some other important event such as the birth of a little brother, the beginning of the garden or moving the house.

How to handle your baby

How to move the newborn baby

To take the baby in your arms you must do it slowly, soft and serene, always close to you, in contact with your body.The contact and sound of your heartbeat will reassure you. The newborn loves skin-to-skin contact and it is good for the father to practice it as well. This way the baby will be able to familiarize himself with the smell, touch and color of his parents’ skin.

Until the baby does not complete the first month, he has no control over his head, because the neck muscles are not very strong yet.

When you lift or lay him down, you should hold his head with one hand because otherwise he may be frightened to feel his head falling back.The other arm is placed behind the back, holding from the nape of the neck along its spine.

Once raised, snuggle it in your arms. Try not to lift it with cold hands, because it will suffer the change of temperature.

Do not pick up or lay down sharply, and try not to wear bracelets or rings that could hurt you.

Handle Your Baby

 

How to massage your newborn baby

The massage is pleasurable for your baby and will serve to show your affection and calm him when he is restless.Choose a nice and warm place and make sure nobody bother them.

Place the baby on a towel or a sheet and begin to massage very soft, with the palm of the hands, from the head down uniformly and symmetrically on both sides of the body.

Keep in touch with the baby by talking to him tenderly and looking into his eyes.

Head: Start the massage from the center to the sides of the face. Also on his forehead, over his eyebrows, with both thumbs from the center to the sides.

Neck and Shoulders : Gently massage down the back, from the ears to the shoulders, and forward, from the chin to the chest.

Arms: Gently press the entire arm with the fingers beginning with the shoulder and ending with the fingers.

Chest and abdomen: Massage gently on the chest, descending the ribs, in the abdomen from the navel to the outside with circular motions.

Legs: Squeeze gently from thigh to knee. Then the same operation from the calf to the ankle.

Feet: Massage the ankles from the heel to the toes, stopping at each of your toes.

Back: Give a gentle massage from the center of the back outwards and from the nape to the buttocks.

Decision

Pre-pregnancy care

Prenatal care should begin the moment you decide to have a child. Even once you stop using the contraceptive method, you should behave as if you were already pregnant: no tobacco, alcohol, stress, violent exercise …

The first few weeks after conception, are very important for the proper development of the fetus. Normally there is no indication that you are pregnant, there has not even been a delay in menstruation or some symptom that may catch your attention, but it is precisely at this time when many of your vital organs form.

Special care must be taken because we can endanger fetal development. If you adopt a healthy lifestyle from before you are pregnant, it will be easier to enjoy this period without complications.

Such simple things as taking care of food, consulting with the specialist before taking a medication, quitting smoking and drinking alcohol will be your first acts of love towards your child.

actividadFisica

 

Physical activity before pregnancy

If you are determined to have a child, it is advisable to rest and sleep more hours, to reduce the fast pace of life and avoid the exercises that require a lot of effort. Practicing a gentle exercise is advisable to reduce stress levels.

A healthy life helps conception. In fact, before you know that you are pregnant, your child’s organs will already be forming and therefore, you must adopt healthy habits from the moment you decide to become pregnant. This is not the time to start practicing some sport that you have never done.

Check with your gynecologist which exercise will be the most recommended. Possibly you will be able to indicate some soft ones such as swimming, walking or some kind of maintenance gymnastics.

If you get pregnant, you do not have to stop practicing them unless recommended by the doctor.

Avoid tobacco, alcohol, and medication

TOBACCO
Tobacco is very harmful to the fetus. If you smoke, the baby being gestated will also do so and if those who smoke are the people around you, they are also influencing him in an indirect way.

Female smokers are less likely to become pregnant than nonsmokers and, in the case of men, tobacco has been shown to reduce sperm motility, making conception difficult. This problem has become especially acute during the last decade, which has led experts to recommend seriously anti-smoking plans in cases of male infertility.

tabaco

 

In addition, the chances of having a child with certain types of congenital malformations increase. Nicotine doubles the chances of a child being born prematurely, with all the risks involved.

Moderate smokers are also at risk. When the mother smokes, her baby makes gestures of disgust, as ultrasounds have confirmed, and she is receiving all the harmful substances of tobacco to the same extent as you. Female smokers are at increased risk for placenta previa and more complications in childbirth. Excessive consumption of alcohol during the three months prior to conception could impair the maturation process of sperm and eggs, and may also damage the newly fertilized egg.

ALCOHOL
Ideally, the woman should stop drinking a few months before she decides to have a child. Once pregnant, the effects of alcohol can be devastating. They affect your nervous system, the heart, the kidneys and other organs of the future baby.

Alcohol is the first non-genetic cause of mental retardation. But there is also evidence that moderate consumption of alcohol causes physiological deficits and behavior disorders in the fetus. These are more subtle problems, such as long-term cognitive imbalances that are not evident until adolescence, but which become more severe with maturity.

If you think that you will not be able to do without alcohol during these months or you think that maybe you have some dependency, it is advisable that you consult with your doctor to try to solve the problem before the gestation. Although it is a socially accepted drug, we can not forget the negative effects they have on our health, especially during pregnancy.

MEDICATIONS
Before pregnancy , it is also time to establish a healthy life plan and refrain from taking medications that are not prescribed by the doctor.

feeding

It is becoming more common for gynecologists to control the weight gain during pregnancy, so dietary recommendations usually begin some time before gestation. If you have become pregnant with a few extra pounds, you will be more likely to be overweight. And the consequences are usually detrimental: complications in childbirth, worse general condition, less agility.
Muscle aches, risk of hypertension and certain gynecological problems are related to obesity. If you correct this problem before, the risks decrease.

alimentacion

 

Start a healthy and balanced diet, rich in vegetables, fruits and fresh vegetables. You should avoid excessive consumption of foods rich in sugar or refined cereals (such as flour, bread, pasta and non-whole rice), and saturated or refined fats and oils (such as animal fats and margarines).

It is also time to reduce your consumption of coffee and other caffeinated beverages. In case of overweight, consult with your doctor the possibility of following a diet to reach an adequate weight at least four months before the pregnancy. If you do, the weight gain will be progressive and balanced and, possibly, it will be easier for you to recover the line after the birth.

The pill

You should stop taking the birth control pill for at least three months before attempting to conceive a child.It is not true that women who have used the pill for many years are more at risk of not having periods, and therefore have difficulty becoming pregnant, but it is appropriate that the cycles are regulated naturally before fertilization occurs , And for this it is necessary to leave the pill a few months before. Meanwhile, condoms can be used.

It is also recommended that two normal cycles occur before conception but in many cases, however, pregnancy occurs only when you stop taking the pill or, exceptionally, while you are still taking it.

The IUD (intrauterine device) should also be removed a few months in advance. Women who have used this system have a slightly increased risk of developing pelvic inflammatory disease, a problem that can lead to a blocked tube. That is why a thorough review is needed after its use.

Diseases to Consider Before Getting Pregnant

Be very careful with rubella and chickenpox. If you have not had them, take extra precautions.Women in pregnancy planning can go to their doctor to find out if they are immunized against rubella. If they are not, they must be vaccinated and try not to become pregnant for at least three months after the vaccination.

If you have a chronic illness, you should notify your doctor before getting pregnant. Currently, most pregnancies with a certain risk can be successful with a series of special care.

If you are diabetic, you suffer from asthma, chronic hypertension, epilepsy or any coronary disease, you should keep in mind that you will have to receive special attention during these nine months.

If you take medication, it may need to be checked during gestation, and you may need to go to prenatal visits more often.

A change of life

For most women, motherhood is the most important thing in their lives. Years ago, women lived to have children. They were preparing for it and did not raise at any moment how it would change their life to increase the family.Now things have changed. Since family planning was extended, couples decide when and how many children they want to have. The profile of the new mother is also different: the percentage of young women working exclusively at home is very low.

The incorporation of women into work has caused a delay in the age of the first pregnancy, which in principle requires more medical attention, but which undoubtedly causes them to be wanted and conceived in full maturity. Experts agree that maternity changes essential aspects of the couple’s personality. These are changes that are worthwhile , but must be taken into account when deciding if you want to increase the family

Changing hours
A baby upsets the usual rhythm. Hours mark him and his watch moves from take to take (every three hours or so). During the first months it is very important to strengthen the affective bond between the baby and the mother so it is advisable to stay with him, take care of him and offer him all our affection. The direct consequence of this exclusive dedication is that the time for considerably decreases.

You will learn to wake up at night every time you complain or cry because you are hungry. During the first months it is almost impossible to sleep at a stretch, although the body also prepares for this situation and causes a hormonal change that makes vigils not so difficult. It is not uncommon that after your first child your sleeping habits change.

The couple

The Couple

A child strengthens the relationship, but you have to keep in mind that your time will be greatly reduced. Children need a lot of attention, and that time is often subtracted from the couple, although the relationship is enriched and expanded with the arrival of the children. For many, it means a decrease in the frequency of sexual relations (especially while it is a baby who wakes up to eat at night) but that does not mean that “quality” also decreases.

Many couples recognize that after having children they value much more time spent together. However, many parents feel displaced with the arrival of the baby. Mothers spend hours feeding and caring for it and it is not uncommon for the father to feel a little sideways. Allowing the father to participate in the care of the baby, would be to give him a Very important space for him. Often, what once seemed very important, with a child is relegated to a second place. Leisure activities, shopping or even work is no longer a priority if our child needs us for some reason.

Many studies have shown that motherhood makes us think about matters we were not even dealing with before. A child seems to be sensitized to injustice and encourages us, in many cases, to do something for others. Being a mother helps to be a better daughter. It is frequent that the years of adolescence and youth separate us from the parents, but the arrival of a child makes us see our own mother with other eyes. The daughter is no longer the “girl” but a woman who, in turn, Is mother. The relationship becomes more horizontal, but with the advantage that the grandmother brings time, knowledge and serenity … very useful tools to raise a baby.

Do not forget that becoming a mother does not mean giving up the good things in life. On the contrary, motherhood will lead you to live life more fully.

The Child and the Family

New relationships

The family is one of the key elements for the correct development of the child. There he will rehearse his later social behavior and his relationship with her will unleash many traits of his personality.

At present, the incorporation of women into working life, divorce or the increasingly common choice of having a single child are factors that have motivated new relationships.

Waiting for a little brother

Psychologists believe that the appropriate age for a child to have a baby brother is between two and three years. On the one hand, the major is no longer a baby (controls sphincters, walks perfectly …), but they do not take so many years to not share games, schedules and even room.

But all the firstborn are “dethroned princes” and all feel jealous of his little brother. From the attitude of the parents it will depend that the emotional shock that comes with the arrival of a brother becomes something temporary.

We do not have to give him the news too soon, but we should not wait for him alone. In any case, the parents are the ones who must give the news, never a neighbor, friend or family member.

Before I tell you that you are going to have a baby brother, prepare it:

  • Showing interest and pleasure with babies.
  • Reminding him that some of his friends already have a little brother.
  • Discuss with him how much fun it would be to take care of a baby, to teach him new games …

 

Father with child

The role of the father

At present, the parents collaborate in the care and education of the children, since in most families the mother also works outside the home, it is necessary to share the tasks.

For a small child it is very good to have more than one caretaker, that is, if the father bathes, changes or dresses, is helping to forge a much more open character.

For the experts, the father is the intermediary between the child and society and his role in the formation of the child is crucial: It helps him to be independent, as he brings another point of view to the mother-child binomial. It is responsible for offering him new stimuli: Throws him in the air, teaches him to do different things. It becomes a referent for the child in the face of behavior with others.

With his authority, he provides security for the child. Aid to the sexual identification: the men see in him the model to follow and the girls the man to like.

Even if your work hinders you, you should try to spend as much time as possible with your children. If you both work, it is essential that you dedicate time exclusively to them. For example, do not watch television during dinner to be able to speak, or spend the weekends to go out with them.

According to the latest surveys, children prefer to have fewer toys and have more parents at home. Participate in your games. If the game is shared is much more effective for development, so you must teach him to play but without trying to be governed by very strict rules.

If you are playing alone and do not interfere, participate only if you ask. It encourages outdoor exercises and games to help you release your extraordinary energy.

The father usually has more resistance to running, jumping or fighting than the mother. Teach him to ride a bike, jump or swing and applaud his achievements. Even it is not bad that you see that you can do the clown a little, a close and affectionate father is better than another authoritarian and cold.

Respect and know their tastes because participating in their hobbies will help your child to form their personality. Do not try to change their preferences, even if they do not match your own at all, and try not to despise their bad taste.

Do not hit him, educate your child with discipline, but not with violence. Many studies have shown that the effect of the lash lasts only a few hours, but if you see an authoritarian and inflexible attitude in the essential aspects will end up respecting you.

Answer your questions, it is important that the child does not perceive unwillingness or disinterest on your part to their many reasons, and although you do not know what to say, it is always better not to know because the rain is transparent than a why yes, showing disinterest For the question.

 

Child

The only son

For years, it has been thought that the only children were petty tyrants, spoiled and capricious. Today we know that the character of these children depends very much on the education of the parents.

The problems of the only child are, children who only look in the mirror of the elders. By not having siblings their relationship with parents and the world of adults is narrower which makes them excessively mature for their age.

If the parents are very overprotective, they can become very withdrawn and shy; They may even have trouble integrating into groups. Unaccustomed to competing with a sibling, they may feel very helpless towards other children.

The advantages that logically have is that they receive more attention and relate to parents in an exclusive way, which gives them great security. They are usually very mature and intelligent children.

Contrary to expectations, they often share their things, because they do not have to defend them from the brothers. Psychologists recommend that, to compensate for the absence of siblings, these children must from very young, try to relate to other children their age.

The firstborn

The first child is the most desired but, on the other hand, the one who suffers from the inexperience of the parents. He shares many of the traits of the only children (they are for some time), but their character has to add a greater sense of responsibility, withdrawal and desire to satisfy adults.

They seem to take life more seriously than their siblings, and sometimes take on the role of parents. That is why, perhaps, they are more likely to suffer from nervous problems and are less sociable than the second or the small.

The most important problem they have to deal with is jealousy. In these cases, the role of the parents will be essential for them to successfully overcome them. They should be flexible with them and not require more than they can give.

We should not give them more responsibility than they can assume: they are children, even if they are the oldest. They do not have to be how we want, nor like them the same as us, nor raise their brothers, who are our children.

The second child

They tend to be more independent, more sociable (they must gain parental attention) but they are also subject to continuous comparison with older siblings.

Psychologists claim that the world of the second is configured in a less rational way than that of the first-born. They received only the logical and coherent explanations of the adults, but the younger brothers are conditioned by the explanations of their brothers.

They often learn to speak later and their vocabulary is not as rich as that of older siblings. They often feel less important: they even inherit clothes and go out in fewer pictures, which is why they demand more demonstrations of affection from the parents.

With them we have to behave in a special way, giving them all possible attention. Making them understand that they are also unique and unrepeatable children.

The little ones have been spoiled and protected children, but they are also in many families the instrument of the older brothers to reach the parents (“tell dad to take us to the park, as you are the youngest sure he does not say no “).

Recent studies have shown that they are often the most independent and creative of the family and that the pampering they receive makes them, often, loving adults.

Fights between brothers:

  • As long as they do not get their hands on it, it’s best to stand by and let them settle their accounts by themselves.
  • Do not look for guilty or investigate who started first
  • If they get hurt, stop the fight and make clear what the limits are: no punches
  • Separate children for 5 or 10 minutes. Everyone should “reflect” on different rooms.
  • If fights are very frequent, try to find out the cause. There may be a problem of jealousy and some of them need special attention.

The child and the grandparents

Grandparents are the most important family members for children, they are usually the most loved relatives after the parents. They act as the best replacement for parents when needed, and offer the child a new way of life that helps them grow and become more open.

In addition, they almost always have more time than the parents and can dedicate themselves to telling stories, playing or walking with their grandchildren.

The good things that grandparents bring:

  • They provide safety for children, since their way of life is usually much quieter than that of parents.
  • They become the cloth of tears of the grandchildren: they are not responsible for their education, so they can comfort and pamper them.
  • They tell the child things of the past, which gives them a vision of continuity and a broader perspective.
  • They can tell about the parents, and the children love to know how they were as a mom or dad as a child.

The bad things that grandparents bring:

  • Excessive love can turn into an excess of pampering, especially if the standards of education set by the parents are not respected.
  • They can overpower the upbringing of the grandchildren, thus preventing parents from assuming a responsibility that belongs to them.
  • Relatively often, they compete with parents in the education of grandchildren and make decisions that are at odds with those of parents.

In any case, the grandparents play a fundamental role as an emotional support of the grandchildren. As long as they act in concert with the parents, their relationship will be beneficial to the children.

Visiting them, letting children be pampered and even allowing them some whimsy are recommendations that all psychologists support. Inculcating children’s respect and affection towards the elderly will be very beneficial for their future formation.

 

Child2

Divorce and Children

For parents, separation may or may not be a solution to their problems, but for children, it can become a break from the most important part of their life. The consequences are: fear of feeling unprotected, anxiety about uncertainty, feelings of guilt …

Almost 35 percent react to divorce with a normally untreated depression. In psychiatry, this picture is called grieving process and usually lasts about two years.

It begins with a stage of despair and rejection to the being that has gone, to go through a second phase in which is added to the sadness. Finally, the distance and the possibility of connecting to another loved one.

For a child of 1 or 2 years, the separation of his mother is usually catastrophic. Disappears the person who took care of satisfying their needs, their universe and the consequences can be: insomnia, uncontrolled crying and even refusal to eat.

In older children the effects of divorce usually translate into a regression towards already overcome stages: they return to pee, talk like a baby, they are sad …

The consequences are so important in children that many experts in family therapy advise an attempt to approach the couple before the divorce.

How to face a separation: We can do many things so that separation does not have serious consequences on children:

  • Avoid violent confrontations in front of children.
  • Do not influence the children against the couple.
  • Explain to the child the causes of separation.
  • Maintain the children’s lifestyle.
  • Have the child see the parents, even if they do not live under the same roof.
  • Tell him and show him that his parents, even if they are not together, want him above all else.
  • Have the child relate to other parent figures such as uncles, grandparents or a new partner.
  • We must understand the reactions that children have, however strange they may seem to us, and not force them to assume the fact with normality.

Adopted children

In general parents have many doubts about the evolution of an adopted child. However, if the child has been adopted as a baby, the development is usually very positive.

If the child is older, he may need the support of a psychologist to deal with the new situation. There is no ideal age to tell him that he is adopted. When the child asks, he is answered. No drama or long and complicated explanations.

The most suitable moments can be:

  • When they ask about the origin of the babies.
  • When you meet a pregnant woman.
  • Some specialists consider it preferable to tell them before they start school and find out by other means.
  • They never have to be a source of uneasiness for parents. If the news is said calmly there is no need to worry about its consequences.

The child has to perceive that his parents want him exactly as if it had been biological. What is more, he has to explain that he was a child especially wanted and, therefore, especially wanted.

When he is old enough to understand it he will be explained that many children are conceived by chance, without looking for them, and instead an adoption is something meditated and deliberately wanted and sought by the popes.

Birth

Prepare the bag

Prepare your bag a few days before. Do not forget to take all the information about pregnancy, your membership card and your ID card at the time of entry.

For Mom:

  • Two or three cotton nightgowns, open at the front to facilitate breastfeeding.
  • Two nursing corpses, remember to buy one or two larger sizes.
  • A bathrobe to be in the clinic
  • Slippers, comfortable and do not have to make great efforts to fasten them.
  • Personal hygiene items.

For the baby:

  • A cotton cap, to keep the heat on your head.
  • T-shirts or cotton bodys (3 or 4).
  • Newborn diapers.
  • Pijamitas (2 or 3), and everything that the midwife tells you in the course.

Do not forget to take all the information about pregnancy (ultrasounds, analysis, special tests …)

Recognize labor contractions

Recognize labor contractions

 

The contractions you have had during pregnancy, have been irregular in time, now they will be regular, more intense and longer.

At the beginning of this phase will occur every 15 to 20 minutes and will not hurt much; Then, they will intensify and the periods between each one will be reducing.

If you place your hand on the belly, you will notice how it hardens. When contractions are not yet intense and repeated enough to go to motherhood, several positions can be taken to relieve them.

1. Sit on a chair looking at your back and place your arms on it, lean your head, your back bend.

2. Sit on the floor with a cushion under the buttocks to make them slightly elevated.

Do not eat or drink when contractions start, as it could be a problem if an emergency cesarean section is to be performed. If you are thirsty, wet your lips with wet gauze.

It is advisable to take a shower before going to the maternity, as the shower has a great relaxing effect. It is very important that you perform the relaxation and breathing exercises and do not be afraid to do wrong, a whole team of professionals will be attentive to you, just think about your child.

Pre-birth symptoms

Dilation
The cervix has to “open” to get a space wide enough that the baby can descend. This is what we call dilation.

Before the onset of the period of dilation, certain symptoms appear that will warn us that labor is very close.

Not for all women is equal. By week 36 there are discomforts that you have not experienced before: an unpleasant sensation in the pubis, urination more frequently and some contractions that perceive it as tightening of the abdomen that last about a minute and are repeated every five or ten minutes during Little time.

The discomfort is due to the compression of the head of the fetus by insinuating itself in the pelvis of the mother and to the appearance more and more frequent of contractions.

False contractions
These are contractions, but not labor. They occur because at the end of pregnancy the organism stops producing progesterone (the hormone that has been in charge of controlling and prevent the uterus from contracting) and increases the secretion of oxytocin, another hormone with the opposite function: activate the contractions that will favor the dilatation.

They are false contractions that have nothing to do with those that favor dilation in childbirth: they are not regular and practically do not hurt, they simply cause a strange sensation.

Less fetal movements
The baby has been very comfortable leaning and kicking the walls of the uterus but at the end of the pregnancy moves much less.

They barely take place, it is already in the starting position and you have much less amniotic fluid where you can swim at your leisure. The time of childbirth is near.

Expulsion of the mucus plug Throughout the pregnancy
the uterus has been isolated from the outside thanks to a viscous substance that has taken care to prevent entry to any infectious agent.

Before the dilatation begins, the mucous plug disappears. This is not a symptom of impending childbirth, but it serves to alert us that the moment is already near, perhaps a few hours.

Some women do not realize that they have lost the plug because they confuse it with the increased flow characteristic of the last weeks. It is usually more viscous and sometimes accompanied by a little blood.

Break bag

Break Bag

If you have broken bag, must inform the doctor quickly. It is most likely that labor will begin within the next 12 to 24 hours, but normally if the dilatation does not occur naturally, it will be induced within 24 hours.

The symptoms that you have broken bag are very clear: you will begin to lose liquid, little by little or in large quantities, but you will realize that it is not a simple leak of urine.

You should not worry if it happens outside the house, this happens rarely and when more quantity comes out is lying down, because standing baby’s head blocks the exit of the cervix.

It is normal for the pouch to rupture during labor. It is very important that you observe the color of the liquid that you have expelled, as it will inform us about the baby’s health.

If the tone is strawy and somewhat bloody, there is no reason to be alarmed, because you have probably also expelled the mucous plug.

If it is colorless or whitish, the fetus is almost certainly fine, but it is advisable to explore it to rule out a cord prolapse.

But if the tone is brown, greenish or blackish, there is very likely to be fetal distress, so you should see a doctor right away.
But it is advisable to inform the doctor as soon as possible.

The birth

After birth, the uterus continues contracting to detach and expel the placenta.

These are contractions that are hardly felt but produce the placenta detachment. The doctor will help by gently pulling on the already cut cord and pressing on the abdomen.

After carefully reviewing the birth canal, placenta and membranes, they will proceed to sew the episiotomy.

Meanwhile, neonatologists will be conducting the first health examination on your child and will clean and shelter you.

The expulsion

When the dilation is over, you are ready to go to the delivery room.

There you will be laid on a stretcher specially designed to facilitate childbirth. With each push the baby will walk the small path that away from the outside world.

Bid only when your midwife tells you, because if you do it at an inappropriate time, you can complicate the delivery process.

This phase of childbirth is usually very brief, usually the child comes out in two or three pushings, but can last up to an hour if it is the first time.

Although the monitors indicate that the contractions are very strong, the perception that almost all mothers have is that they are less painful.

If the doctor thinks that tears will occur, you will have an episiotomy (the famous spots). First the head will come, then one shoulder and then the other.

Once both shoulders are expelled, the rest of the baby’s body will slide off easily.

If you have decided to have labor with epidural anesthesia, the indications of the medical team are essential at this time as the contractions do not feel so intense.

The Dilation

 

The dilation

Be prepared to spend several hours dilating, especially if it is your first child. Centimeter by centimeter will open the way that will pass the baby.

If the bag has not ruptured spontaneously, they will do so in the maternity when the dilation has reached approximately 5 cm.

It is a completely painless procedure. As the dilation progresses it will be necessary to put into practice the breathing and relaxation exercises learned in the preparatory classes, these exercises relieve the discomfort caused by the contractions.

When the dilation is ending, the contractions are more intense and followed. It is the moment of the next step: the expulsive phase.

Points. Episiotomy

It is a cut made in the perineum to increase the diameter of the birth canal and prevent the child’s head from tearing the tissues.

The cut is done taking advantage of a contraction (so you do not know) but you will notice that you will notice a small puncture, a local anesthetic to make it less annoying.

Supporters of episiotomy argue its use because they believe that if this cut were not done, the vagina, adjacent muscles or anal area could be torn, and joining in an irregular tear is much harder than doing it in a clean cut.

Its detractors find it unnecessary to intervene in a natural process and claim that many of the incisions made are larger than the tear that would produce the baby’s head.

In any case, it will be the gynecologist who decides the least risky action.

You are pregnant

Main symptoms of pregnancy

Some symptoms that will make you suspect that you are pregnant:

The delay of the menstruation
It can be the first indicator although it is not totally reliable. Experience shows that it can occur without pregnancy, since the process of the cycle can be affected by certain diseases, after an emotional shock or even a change of lifestyle, such as the beginning of Holidays, consumption of certain medications or stop taking the contraceptive pill, etc. Therefore, we can never be sure that the delay of the period is always due to pregnancy.

Raising the Basal Temperature
If you notice that the temperature, instead of falling, is maintained above 37 ° C at the end of the cycle and that menstruation does not appear, there is a good chance that you are pregnant.

You Are Pregnant

 

Tension in breasts
From the first days after conception, breasts are prepared for what will be a very important function: feeding the baby. That is why they increase in size and appear tense, so much that the veins can be noticed.

Much sleep
The hormonal changes that occur from the moment of conception cause an exaggerated relaxation that results in a greater need for sleep. This state of fatigue favors that the pregnant woman spend more time sleeping and resting, something very good for the march of the pregnancy.

Mood swings
This is one of the first symptoms since the pregnant woman feels very emotional and mood swings are very common.

Gynecological examination

The gynecologist is the one who confirms the pregnancy through a blood test and an ultrasound. Currently, transvaginal ultrasound is performed within a few weeks of delaying menstruation and diagnoses in a very reliable way the status and implantation of the embryo.

Between week 4 and week 5 the embryonic vesicle can be seen and, in 6, the embryo can be seen and the heartbeat can be heard. It is advisable to wait until 8 or 9 weeks to confirm the diagnosis.

In addition, a change in the volume, consistency and shape of the uterus will be confirmed at this time, and the cervix is ​​observed to be closed. Normally, the breasts are also explored. The modification that occurs in them is that they grow and the areola overflows, this will also serve to corroborate the diagnosis.

This first appointment should be made once you suspect that you are pregnant. It should not be delayed until the second fault, as the first examination will be essential to confirm the implantation and to ensure if it is one or more embryos.

The pregnancy tests you can do on your own

You Are Pregnant2

They are easy to use tests, as long as the instructions are followed, and offer a quick and very reliable response.

It is recommended to do them after 10 days of delay, because if done before false negatives may appear. These tests detect the presence of a hormone called chorionic gonadotropin, whose levels rise if you are pregnant.

To do this correctly you should deposit a small amount of urine (preferably the first one in the morning) at the place indicated.

If you think you are pregnant and the answer has been negative you can do it again. However, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible.

Recently, a type of test that allows the detection of the “pregnancy hormone” has been incorporated into pharmacies shortly after conception, before the delay occurs, although the false negative index is much broader. It is best to wait at least six days, from the day the period should have arrived.

Laboratory tests to confirm pregnancy

Blood and urine tests detect a hormone that is only secreted when you are pregnant: chorionic gonadotropin (HgC) that is essential for the maintenance and development of the fetus.

Urine analysis
A small amount of urine is deposited (the urine must be in the first urine of the morning because of a higher concentration) which is reacted with a serum containing antibodies to this hormone characteristic of pregnancy. The reliability of this test is around 98%.

Blood tests
This test checks the level of HgC in the blood. The reliability of this test is 100% and it allows to diagnose the pregnancy from its beginnings, before even the first delay of the menstruation.

Special cares

Tests will be done to detect possible birth defects and to check the health status of the mother.

Routine Screening All pregnant women should go to the check-ups established by their doctor. In these consultations will be made a series of tests that have as objective to verify the good gait of the gestation. If the gynecologist considers that during the pregnancy it is necessary to carry out another type of special tests, it will indicate the moment to realize them. The following tests are those that will be carried out routinely.

Ultrasound
It is recommended to perform one per quarter. The one performed between week 11 and week 14 measures the nuchal fold. If this part of the neck has an enlarged size it is an indicator of Down syndrome. Ultrasound performed between weeks 18-20 is important for detecting physical birth defects.

Measuring Blood Pressure
At each appointment, from the first to the last, the doctor will take the strain. It is very important to control that the tension figures do not trigger because it could cause the so-called preeclampsia with very negative results for the baby.

O’Sullivan
‘s test is a blood test with which blood glucose can be determined. During pregnancy, the body can not metabolize sugars properly and blood glucose levels rise more than advised. If this elevation were alarming, it would be gestational diabetes. The analysis is performed between weeks 24 and 28, when hormonal changes occur that affect insulin production.

Cardiotocographic Record
Collects the heartbeat of the fetus and the frequency and intensity of uterine contractions. It is the so-called “monitoring” that is performed in the last month of gestation, once every week. The evolution of the baby’s heartbeat and contractions are reflected in the monitor and these data serve the doctor to find out if there is fetal suffering or there are too many contractions.

Feeding

Changes in diet

Milk is still the main food in your diet, but it is no longer enough to meet your nutritional needs so from this moment it is one of the most important attention issues.

For this reason, other foods are gradually introduced. At this stage you should continue to trust your pediatrician with all your baby’s nutrition needs. He will tell you when and how you have to introduce each food and the daily shots you must give.

Remember that breast milk continues to be, at this age, the best food you can give, as its composition adapts to the nutritional needs of your child at each stage of growth.

Continuous milk

After 5 months, milk must provide at least 50% of the daily calories you need. Breast milk continues to be optimal until the first year of life.

If you have gotten up to work or leave home and want to continue breastfeeding, you can take milk and store it in the refrigerator (24 hours) or in the freezer (several weeks) and administer it in the bottle.

If breastfeeding is not possible, there are many technologically advanced products, made from cow’s milk and whose formulation has been modified to look as much as women’s milk, which the pediatrician will recommend and not change without consulting Before with him.

Once you decide to stop breastfeeding your child should be aware that weaning should be done progressively. This way it will cost you less work and you will not have as much discomfort, as the milk will gradually withdraw.
In the first week, replace one of the morning shots with a formula milk bottle.
In the second week replace another one, trying not to be the following: for example, an afternoon shot.
In the third week replace another one.

The cereals

cereales

 

Cereal porridge is a blend of flour from cereal grains (rice, corn, wheat, rye, barley, oats), rich in carbohydrates, proteins, essential fatty acids, vitamins and minerals.

Commercial preparations are also enriched with vitamins and minerals. They can be introduced from the fourth month, following the indications of the pediatrician, who will recommend you start with a gluten-free meal.

How to Prepare Cereal Poultry:

In bottle: Prepare a milk bottle as you usually do and when it is hot, add the tablespoons of cereal porridge that your pediatrician has indicated and shake it well.
Check the teat and check that the hole is appropriate to the thickness of the slurry, to prevent it from becoming obturated. Remember to test the temperature on the back of your wrist before giving your baby a bottle.

On a plate: Prepare the milk that you usually give your baby and slowly add the dose of cereal while you beat the mixture with a fork, stirring until getting the proper thickness and taking care that no lumps.

Fruits

They are very rich in water, sugars (mainly fructose, and also sucrose and glucose), plant fibers, vitamins and minerals.

Sucrose should not be introduced before the fifth-sixth month as it promotes the development of dental caries and accustoms the baby to sweet flavors.

Once the baby has accepted the gluten-free cereal porridge, you can start with the fruit slurry. The papillas are prepared with fresh and ripe fruit, using the own ones of each region and season.

It is recommended to start with natural fruit juices without sugar, so as not to accustom the baby to sweet tastes.

You can start with the usual fruits and gradually incorporate apples, bananas, pears, footsteps in the form of porridge, oranges squeezed in juices cast to avoid gas.

When you prepare the fruit porridge, do not add cookies, sugar, honey or condensed milk because they are foods that promote obesity and the development of tooth decay, and because your child is not yet ready to digest them.

Many babies find it hard to get used to the taste of fruit porridge. You have to be patient. In these situations it may be helpful to give the porridge when you are most hungry, mix it progressively with the milk of the bottle, or incorporate the cooked apple.

Remember that your child should drink at least half a liter of milk a day; Part of that ration you can offer it at the time of the snack, next to the fruit porridge.

Vegetables

They are made up of sugars (although less than in fruits), water, fiber, minerals (especially magnesium and potassium), vitamins, mainly group B, and a small percentage of proteins and lipids.

Vegetables

 

They can be introduced after six months, well cooked and crushed in the form of porridge. It is not advisable to offer much variety of vegetables during the first year. It is enough that your child tries, progressively, potato, pumpkin, carrot, leek, chard and zapallito.

Turnip, beet, and spinach are vegetables rich in nitrites that should not be offered until after the year when the baby is more able to metabolize those substances.

Neither should the most flatulent and indigestible ones, such as broccoli or cauliflower.

At first you must mash the mash very well, so that it is soft and your son can swallow it without difficulty. Remember that babies of this age do not chew food, but swallow them directly.

Meat

The meat provides proteins of high biological value, minerals, especially iron, B vitamins and saturated fatty acids.

They are added to the purees after the age of six months gradually. It starts with a small amount, 10-15 g / day, which is progressively increased to 25-30 g / day per year.

At first it is cooked and crushed together with the vegetables, and around the year, when the baby learns to chew, it is cut into small pieces.

It is recommended to start with the chicken because it produces less allergic reactions and is easier to grind, and later the veal, cow and lamb are introduced.

Viscera such as liver are noted for their high nutritional value, proteins, B vitamins, vitamin A and iron.
However they should not be administered, because they remain the remains of toxic and hormones from the fraudulent feeding of animals.

Brains are not advisable because of their high fat content; In addition, its nutritive value is very inferior to the one of the meat.

With respect to cooked ham, if it is of good quality comes from the less fat part of the pig, you can give it from the year.

The egg

Eggs

 

It consists mainly of water, proteins of high biological value, essential fatty acids, vitamins and iron.

They have a great allergenic capacity, especially clear, so it is advisable to initially introduce the cooked yolk from the ninth month (in children with a family history of allergy, from the year), and delay the administration of clear until 12 months of age.

Cookings should be administered to facilitate digestion, decrease the allergenic power and reduce the risk of contamination, as it is a culture medium for viruses and bacteria.

It can be incorporated, beginning with half of the yolk, to the purees of vegetables, meats or fish.

Gluten

Gluten is a protein found in wheat flour, oats, barley, rye. They do not contain rice and corn.

Celiac disease is a permanent intolerance to gluten, which causes severe damage to the mucosa of the small intestine in individuals with a genetic predisposition to the disease.

The clinical symptoms are very diverse and also the age of presentation. In children younger than 2 years, the most frequent are chronic diarrhea, weight loss, lack of appetite and change of character.

The treatment consists of a diet that does not contain gluten, that must be done for life; All products made from the following cereals must therefore be avoided: wheat, rye, barley, oats and their derivatives.

Gluten is not introduced into the diet until the age of nine months because it can not be properly digested by the baby and because its early introduction may favor the appearance of severe forms of celiac disease in genetically predisposed people.

Fish

Fish is composed of proteins of high biological value, lipids and small amounts of vitamins and minerals – especially phosphorus. Depending on its fatty content, it is classified as fatty or blue – high in fat – and lean or white – low in fat.

What is characteristic is that it has essential fatty acids (omega 3) that help reduce blood cholesterol and prevent coronary heart disease.

The fish is introduced from the ninth month and from the year in case of a family history of allergy, because it is a potentially allergenic food.

Before that age the child should not be given because it may contain potentially toxic substances, such as mercury and boric acid.

It begins by offering it boiled and mashed along with the vegetables of the mash of the noon. Once the child is well tolerated, it can be given for dinner.

You must start with the white fish, which are less digestible to digest better: hake, whiting, sole, taking into account the removal of skin and thorns. From 2 years on, you will be able to consume blue fish.

How to cook

Particular attention should be paid to fresh fruit and vegetables under a stream of cold water. Do not let them soak and peel them and trocéalas just before cooking, to avoid the loss of vitamins, and for the same reason uses little water for cooking.

Once prepared, you can keep your child’s food in the refrigerator for two or three days at the most. Vegetable purees are stored in the freezer for 3 months. Once thawed they can not be refrozen, and should be consumed on the same day.

Tips for your best diet

1- Give a varied diet.
2. Do not try to give him much food, it is better to eat small amounts several times a day.
3- Try to follow a schedule and avoid eating at all times.
4- Remove sugar, salt, spices and foods that are too greasy.
5- Delays to the maximum the introduction of goodies, snacks like potato chips and pastry because they contribute many calories in the form of mainly saturated fats.
6- Once your baby can sit, it is best to use a high chair so that it is within your reach and he feels more secure.

Physical changes in the first trimester of pregnancy

From conception to 12th week of pregnancy. From the moment of the conception, your organism prepares to lodge the fetus. The metabolism adapts to be able to feed it, the hormones cause a kind of tiredness very beneficial for the first months and the breasts begin to prepare for breastfeeding.

These organic changes cause characteristic symptoms that seem from the first days: sleep, fatigue, tension in the breasts.

Dream . The excessive sleep that you will feel during the first months is a resource of the organism that will force you to rest more hours. In this way you will be able to save the energy needed to cope with the enormous effort that the organism is making to manufacture the placenta and adapt to the demands that the fetus will have. You should not fight this tiredness but let your body rest the hours you need.

Need to urinate . The activity of certain hormones often causes the bladder to be emptied even at such an early stage of pregnancy, but the uterus has also increased in size and presses it slightly. In addition, the body fluids have increased and so that no edema occurs and the kidney works faster to eliminate them.

Dizziness and nausea . Its cause is not exactly known. Increased levels of certain hormones may affect the site of the brain where vomiting is regulated and other hormones relax the muscles of the digestive tract.

Tension in the chest . The breasts are more sensitive and begin to grow slightly, the areola around the nipple takes on more pigmentation and can see the blood vessels below the skin.

External changes . The waistline has faded even though the uterus is only the size of an orange. The breasts have rapidly increased in size and the areola of the nipple gets darker and darker. The hormones have ensured that your skin is smoother and hydrated and the hair has more shine and gloss.

Physical changes in the second trimester of pregnancy

13th to 28th week

It is characterized by stability and adaptation and by the disappearance of many of the small discomforts associated with the onset of pregnancy. You may already notice, but slight weight gain does not stop you from leading a normal life.

The belly begins to grow, the nipples can begin to secrete colostrum, the heart beats faster and the different organs are staying with less space because of the growth of the uterus.

Nausea and dizziness disappear during this trimester. The urge to urinate is less frequent. The enlarging uterus moves to the abdominal cavity and pushes the diaphragm several centimeters upwards, but no longer depresses the bladder.

Digestive system . The uterus increases in size by moving the intestines back and to the sides, the stomach moves upwards and, as a result, gastric burning can occur as the gastric secretion is reduced, so that food stays in the stomach longer. Mobility and bowel emptying slow down producing flatulence and constipation.

Bone system . The lumbar curvature increases progressively due to the increase in size and weight of the uterus, which can cause back discomfort. The secret to avoid back pain is to keep it straight and not to bend.

Cardio-respiratory system . As the uterus grows, the diaphragm rises and as a result breathing changes from abdominal to thoracic. The heart also moves a little more up and to the left. It increases the tendency to the formation of varicose veins in the legs produced by the difficulty of returning the veins. The heart beats faster as the volume of blood it pumps increases by almost 40 percent. For this blood to flow without difficulty through the blood vessels, there is a widening that causes the heart to enlarge by a few millimeters.

Physical changes in the third trimester of pregnancy

Week 29 to term

The weight and size of the belly increase considerably, you will be heavier and more tired, so you must find moments during the day to rest.

You can feel isolated uterine contractions, the so-called nesting, because the pelvis begins to widen preparing to let the baby pass.

Hemorrhoids . These varicose veins that appear in the anus zone are aggravated in the last weeks of pregnancy because of the pressure the baby exerts on the area. To avoid its appearance, it is also necessary to avoid constipation. If in spite of these measures hemorrhoids appear, a good measure to relieve the sensation of heaviness and the itch is to apply ice or cold water in them.

Constipation . Peristaltic bowel movements that allow their content to progress decrease in pregnancy. This increases the chances of constipation. In addition, the uterus presses more and more on the rectum which still makes it difficult to eliminate fecal matter. To avoid constipation you have to drink enough fluids, eat vegetables and fruits daily and walk one hour every day. Do not use laxatives without consulting the gynecologist, even natural ones.

Blood pressure . Control your tension since hypertension can be a problem at the end of pregnancy. The main warning signs are: swelling of hands, wrists, ankles, feet and also the face. If this swelling does not go away after night-time rest, see a doctor.

Contractions . During the nine months of pregnancy contractions occur. At first, they are imperceptible, but in the last quarter they are clearly noticeable and may be annoying in recent weeks. However, unlike contractions of labor, they are not painful, nor rhythmic and do not last more than forty or fifty seconds.