Main symptoms of pregnancy
Some symptoms that will make you suspect that you are pregnant:
The delay of the menstruation
It can be the first indicator although it is not totally reliable. Experience shows that it can occur without pregnancy, since the process of the cycle can be affected by certain diseases, after an emotional shock or even a change of lifestyle, such as the beginning of Holidays, consumption of certain medications or stop taking the contraceptive pill, etc. Therefore, we can never be sure that the delay of the period is always due to pregnancy.
Raising the Basal Temperature
If you notice that the temperature, instead of falling, is maintained above 37 ° C at the end of the cycle and that menstruation does not appear, there is a good chance that you are pregnant.
Tension in breasts
From the first days after conception, breasts are prepared for what will be a very important function: feeding the baby. That is why they increase in size and appear tense, so much that the veins can be noticed.
The hormonal changes that occur from the moment of conception cause an exaggerated relaxation that results in a greater need for sleep. This state of fatigue favors that the pregnant woman spend more time sleeping and resting, something very good for the march of the pregnancy.
This is one of the first symptoms since the pregnant woman feels very emotional and mood swings are very common.
The gynecologist is the one who confirms the pregnancy through a blood test and an ultrasound. Currently, transvaginal ultrasound is performed within a few weeks of delaying menstruation and diagnoses in a very reliable way the status and implantation of the embryo.
Between week 4 and week 5 the embryonic vesicle can be seen and, in 6, the embryo can be seen and the heartbeat can be heard. It is advisable to wait until 8 or 9 weeks to confirm the diagnosis.
In addition, a change in the volume, consistency and shape of the uterus will be confirmed at this time, and the cervix is observed to be closed. Normally, the breasts are also explored. The modification that occurs in them is that they grow and the areola overflows, this will also serve to corroborate the diagnosis.
This first appointment should be made once you suspect that you are pregnant. It should not be delayed until the second fault, as the first examination will be essential to confirm the implantation and to ensure if it is one or more embryos.
The pregnancy tests you can do on your own
They are easy to use tests, as long as the instructions are followed, and offer a quick and very reliable response.
It is recommended to do them after 10 days of delay, because if done before false negatives may appear. These tests detect the presence of a hormone called chorionic gonadotropin, whose levels rise if you are pregnant.
To do this correctly you should deposit a small amount of urine (preferably the first one in the morning) at the place indicated.
If you think you are pregnant and the answer has been negative you can do it again. However, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible.
Recently, a type of test that allows the detection of the “pregnancy hormone” has been incorporated into pharmacies shortly after conception, before the delay occurs, although the false negative index is much broader. It is best to wait at least six days, from the day the period should have arrived.
Laboratory tests to confirm pregnancy
Blood and urine tests detect a hormone that is only secreted when you are pregnant: chorionic gonadotropin (HgC) that is essential for the maintenance and development of the fetus.
A small amount of urine is deposited (the urine must be in the first urine of the morning because of a higher concentration) which is reacted with a serum containing antibodies to this hormone characteristic of pregnancy. The reliability of this test is around 98%.
This test checks the level of HgC in the blood. The reliability of this test is 100% and it allows to diagnose the pregnancy from its beginnings, before even the first delay of the menstruation.
Tests will be done to detect possible birth defects and to check the health status of the mother.
Routine Screening All pregnant women should go to the check-ups established by their doctor. In these consultations will be made a series of tests that have as objective to verify the good gait of the gestation. If the gynecologist considers that during the pregnancy it is necessary to carry out another type of special tests, it will indicate the moment to realize them. The following tests are those that will be carried out routinely.
It is recommended to perform one per quarter. The one performed between week 11 and week 14 measures the nuchal fold. If this part of the neck has an enlarged size it is an indicator of Down syndrome. Ultrasound performed between weeks 18-20 is important for detecting physical birth defects.
Measuring Blood Pressure
At each appointment, from the first to the last, the doctor will take the strain. It is very important to control that the tension figures do not trigger because it could cause the so-called preeclampsia with very negative results for the baby.
‘s test is a blood test with which blood glucose can be determined. During pregnancy, the body can not metabolize sugars properly and blood glucose levels rise more than advised. If this elevation were alarming, it would be gestational diabetes. The analysis is performed between weeks 24 and 28, when hormonal changes occur that affect insulin production.
Collects the heartbeat of the fetus and the frequency and intensity of uterine contractions. It is the so-called “monitoring” that is performed in the last month of gestation, once every week. The evolution of the baby’s heartbeat and contractions are reflected in the monitor and these data serve the doctor to find out if there is fetal suffering or there are too many contractions.