How to move the newborn baby
To take the baby in your arms you must do it slowly, soft and serene, always close to you, in contact with your body.The contact and sound of your heartbeat will reassure you. The newborn loves skin-to-skin contact and it is good for the father to practice it as well. This way the baby will be able to familiarize himself with the smell, touch and color of his parents’ skin.
Until the baby does not complete the first month, he has no control over his head, because the neck muscles are not very strong yet.
When you lift or lay him down, you should hold his head with one hand because otherwise he may be frightened to feel his head falling back.The other arm is placed behind the back, holding from the nape of the neck along its spine.
Once raised, snuggle it in your arms. Try not to lift it with cold hands, because it will suffer the change of temperature.
Do not pick up or lay down sharply, and try not to wear bracelets or rings that could hurt you.
How to massage your newborn baby
The massage is pleasurable for your baby and will serve to show your affection and calm him when he is restless.Choose a nice and warm place and make sure nobody bother them.
Place the baby on a towel or a sheet and begin to massage very soft, with the palm of the hands, from the head down uniformly and symmetrically on both sides of the body.
Keep in touch with the baby by talking to him tenderly and looking into his eyes.
Head: Start the massage from the center to the sides of the face. Also on his forehead, over his eyebrows, with both thumbs from the center to the sides.
Neck and Shoulders : Gently massage down the back, from the ears to the shoulders, and forward, from the chin to the chest.
Arms: Gently press the entire arm with the fingers beginning with the shoulder and ending with the fingers.
Chest and abdomen: Massage gently on the chest, descending the ribs, in the abdomen from the navel to the outside with circular motions.
Legs: Squeeze gently from thigh to knee. Then the same operation from the calf to the ankle.
Feet: Massage the ankles from the heel to the toes, stopping at each of your toes.
Back: Give a gentle massage from the center of the back outwards and from the nape to the buttocks.
Changes in diet
Milk is still the main food in your diet, but it is no longer enough to meet your nutritional needs so from this moment it is one of the most important attention issues.
For this reason, other foods are gradually introduced. At this stage you should continue to trust your pediatrician with all your baby’s nutrition needs. He will tell you when and how you have to introduce each food and the daily shots you must give.
Remember that breast milk continues to be, at this age, the best food you can give, as its composition adapts to the nutritional needs of your child at each stage of growth.
After 5 months, milk must provide at least 50% of the daily calories you need. Breast milk continues to be optimal until the first year of life.
If you have gotten up to work or leave home and want to continue breastfeeding, you can take milk and store it in the refrigerator (24 hours) or in the freezer (several weeks) and administer it in the bottle.
If breastfeeding is not possible, there are many technologically advanced products, made from cow’s milk and whose formulation has been modified to look as much as women’s milk, which the pediatrician will recommend and not change without consulting Before with him.
Once you decide to stop breastfeeding your child should be aware that weaning should be done progressively. This way it will cost you less work and you will not have as much discomfort, as the milk will gradually withdraw.
In the first week, replace one of the morning shots with a formula milk bottle.
In the second week replace another one, trying not to be the following: for example, an afternoon shot.
In the third week replace another one.
Cereal porridge is a blend of flour from cereal grains (rice, corn, wheat, rye, barley, oats), rich in carbohydrates, proteins, essential fatty acids, vitamins and minerals.
Commercial preparations are also enriched with vitamins and minerals. They can be introduced from the fourth month, following the indications of the pediatrician, who will recommend you start with a gluten-free meal.
How to Prepare Cereal Poultry:
In bottle: Prepare a milk bottle as you usually do and when it is hot, add the tablespoons of cereal porridge that your pediatrician has indicated and shake it well.
Check the teat and check that the hole is appropriate to the thickness of the slurry, to prevent it from becoming obturated. Remember to test the temperature on the back of your wrist before giving your baby a bottle.
On a plate: Prepare the milk that you usually give your baby and slowly add the dose of cereal while you beat the mixture with a fork, stirring until getting the proper thickness and taking care that no lumps.
They are very rich in water, sugars (mainly fructose, and also sucrose and glucose), plant fibers, vitamins and minerals.
Sucrose should not be introduced before the fifth-sixth month as it promotes the development of dental caries and accustoms the baby to sweet flavors.
Once the baby has accepted the gluten-free cereal porridge, you can start with the fruit slurry. The papillas are prepared with fresh and ripe fruit, using the own ones of each region and season.
It is recommended to start with natural fruit juices without sugar, so as not to accustom the baby to sweet tastes.
You can start with the usual fruits and gradually incorporate apples, bananas, pears, footsteps in the form of porridge, oranges squeezed in juices cast to avoid gas.
When you prepare the fruit porridge, do not add cookies, sugar, honey or condensed milk because they are foods that promote obesity and the development of tooth decay, and because your child is not yet ready to digest them.
Many babies find it hard to get used to the taste of fruit porridge. You have to be patient. In these situations it may be helpful to give the porridge when you are most hungry, mix it progressively with the milk of the bottle, or incorporate the cooked apple.
Remember that your child should drink at least half a liter of milk a day; Part of that ration you can offer it at the time of the snack, next to the fruit porridge.
They are made up of sugars (although less than in fruits), water, fiber, minerals (especially magnesium and potassium), vitamins, mainly group B, and a small percentage of proteins and lipids.
They can be introduced after six months, well cooked and crushed in the form of porridge. It is not advisable to offer much variety of vegetables during the first year. It is enough that your child tries, progressively, potato, pumpkin, carrot, leek, chard and zapallito.
Turnip, beet, and spinach are vegetables rich in nitrites that should not be offered until after the year when the baby is more able to metabolize those substances.
Neither should the most flatulent and indigestible ones, such as broccoli or cauliflower.
At first you must mash the mash very well, so that it is soft and your son can swallow it without difficulty. Remember that babies of this age do not chew food, but swallow them directly.
The meat provides proteins of high biological value, minerals, especially iron, B vitamins and saturated fatty acids.
They are added to the purees after the age of six months gradually. It starts with a small amount, 10-15 g / day, which is progressively increased to 25-30 g / day per year.
At first it is cooked and crushed together with the vegetables, and around the year, when the baby learns to chew, it is cut into small pieces.
It is recommended to start with the chicken because it produces less allergic reactions and is easier to grind, and later the veal, cow and lamb are introduced.
Viscera such as liver are noted for their high nutritional value, proteins, B vitamins, vitamin A and iron.
However they should not be administered, because they remain the remains of toxic and hormones from the fraudulent feeding of animals.
Brains are not advisable because of their high fat content; In addition, its nutritive value is very inferior to the one of the meat.
With respect to cooked ham, if it is of good quality comes from the less fat part of the pig, you can give it from the year.
It consists mainly of water, proteins of high biological value, essential fatty acids, vitamins and iron.
They have a great allergenic capacity, especially clear, so it is advisable to initially introduce the cooked yolk from the ninth month (in children with a family history of allergy, from the year), and delay the administration of clear until 12 months of age.
Cookings should be administered to facilitate digestion, decrease the allergenic power and reduce the risk of contamination, as it is a culture medium for viruses and bacteria.
It can be incorporated, beginning with half of the yolk, to the purees of vegetables, meats or fish.
Gluten is a protein found in wheat flour, oats, barley, rye. They do not contain rice and corn.
Celiac disease is a permanent intolerance to gluten, which causes severe damage to the mucosa of the small intestine in individuals with a genetic predisposition to the disease.
The clinical symptoms are very diverse and also the age of presentation. In children younger than 2 years, the most frequent are chronic diarrhea, weight loss, lack of appetite and change of character.
The treatment consists of a diet that does not contain gluten, that must be done for life; All products made from the following cereals must therefore be avoided: wheat, rye, barley, oats and their derivatives.
Gluten is not introduced into the diet until the age of nine months because it can not be properly digested by the baby and because its early introduction may favor the appearance of severe forms of celiac disease in genetically predisposed people.
Fish is composed of proteins of high biological value, lipids and small amounts of vitamins and minerals – especially phosphorus. Depending on its fatty content, it is classified as fatty or blue – high in fat – and lean or white – low in fat.
What is characteristic is that it has essential fatty acids (omega 3) that help reduce blood cholesterol and prevent coronary heart disease.
The fish is introduced from the ninth month and from the year in case of a family history of allergy, because it is a potentially allergenic food.
Before that age the child should not be given because it may contain potentially toxic substances, such as mercury and boric acid.
It begins by offering it boiled and mashed along with the vegetables of the mash of the noon. Once the child is well tolerated, it can be given for dinner.
You must start with the white fish, which are less digestible to digest better: hake, whiting, sole, taking into account the removal of skin and thorns. From 2 years on, you will be able to consume blue fish.
How to cook
Particular attention should be paid to fresh fruit and vegetables under a stream of cold water. Do not let them soak and peel them and trocéalas just before cooking, to avoid the loss of vitamins, and for the same reason uses little water for cooking.
Once prepared, you can keep your child’s food in the refrigerator for two or three days at the most. Vegetable purees are stored in the freezer for 3 months. Once thawed they can not be refrozen, and should be consumed on the same day.
Tips for your best diet
1- Give a varied diet.
2. Do not try to give him much food, it is better to eat small amounts several times a day.
3- Try to follow a schedule and avoid eating at all times.
4- Remove sugar, salt, spices and foods that are too greasy.
5- Delays to the maximum the introduction of goodies, snacks like potato chips and pastry because they contribute many calories in the form of mainly saturated fats.
6- Once your baby can sit, it is best to use a high chair so that it is within your reach and he feels more secure.