5 Things Every Parent Should Know About Baby Acne

Ever noticed those red, little spots on your newborn baby’s face and body? That is Baby Acne. Yes, you heard it right. Babies get acne too, it is not just limited to teenagers. So why is your little bundle of joy covered in all this acne? How can you prevent it or even better, how can you reduce it? These are all the questions which we have in mind when dealing with baby acne and a good information about this can tremendously help you in keeping a check on your baby’s acne.

So here are the top 5 things which you should know about Baby Acne:

Photo By  : Mellisa J

  • What is the root cause?

It is still not clear why babies suffer from acne and how does it really happen but a general knowledge is that the babies are exposed to their mother’s hormones which in turn triggers the oil glands in their own body which results in an acne breakout. There is no specific thing which could have triggered this and there is no way to prevent this during pregnancy but since these go away quickly, there is nothing really to worry about here.

  • How can you prevent it?

There is no particular way to prevent it during a pregnancy but you can surely reduce it from expanding by following a few careful tips.

  • Don’t use adult products on your babies’ skin

There is a reason that the baby products exist. Adult products are made of harsh chemicals which are not suitable for your baby’s soft and vulnerable skin and as a result, their skin is more likely to react with the chemicals present. So make sure you always use baby products for your baby and not lather them up with your own adult products.

  • Keep your baby clean and dry

As we already know acne is more likely to grow on moist and dirty areas, so make sure you keep your baby clean and dry at all times. You don’t have to bathe your newborn every day but using a warmly soaked towel to clean them up can help tremendously. So make sure you always change your baby’s wet clothes and keep them neat and dry. You can use Car seats for infants and jogging strollers to keep your baby clean, protected and safe.

  • How to reduce the acne?

While you can’t completely make the acne go away, you can certainly help in reducing its exposure. Use a little breast milk on the affected areas and repeat this process 2-3 times a day. In a few days, you will notice that your baby’s skin is clear and healthy again.

If the breastmilk doesn’t work, don’t worry the acne will go away soon enough if you keep your baby clean and dry at all times. Don’t let them rub their acne prone skin and the acne breakout should disappear in some time.

  • Will they return once being fixed?

You might wonder if the acne will return once your baby is clear of them. No need to worry, now your baby won’t suffer from any acne as long as you keep your baby clean and dry. The acne will only return when your baby hits their puberty and well, then there is nothing you can do really.

  • Is it acne or something else?

Acne can be sometimes mistaken for whiteheads, pimples or eczema but it is always wise to consult with a health professional to make sure that your baby has acne only. If it is not acne and some other skin disease, you might need to contact the health professional and get the treatment for it. So it is always best to consult with a professional before assuming.

How to Make the Most of Bed Rest (and the Last Weeks of Pregnancy)

Sometimes due to unexpected reasons, you might end up in bed for a longer period than you anticipated. This could be due to a complicated pregnancy or because of something as normal as the last weeks of pregnancy. In the last weeks of pregnancy, you have to take care of yourself diligently and so, you are most likely to stay in bed and rest until it is time for your baby to come out. This could be really boring because let’s face it, who likes to stay in bed for days at end?

This infographic will tell you that Can Pregnant Women Eat Shrimp. So, what all can you do to make the most of your bed rest?

  1. Planning

Well, now that you are sentenced to stay in bed until the baby is born, you might as well plan all the things you would need to do once your baby is born. You can plan on all the baby items that you need to buy and what formula or crib you would buy for your baby. Basically, use this time to do the thorough research which would help you in providing comfort and safety to your baby.

  1. Stretch a little

When you are in bed rest, your body will revolt at times because it is not used to staying inactive for long periods of time. So, to avoid this situation, you can perform regular stretched in your bed itself. You don’t have to stretch too much, just a little stretch for a few minutes could do wonders.

  1. Keep in touch

Make sure that you don’t isolate yourself during this time and get in touch with your family and friends as often as you can. You can also discuss your baby plans with them and take their help to run a few errands for you.

  1. Work from home

If you love working and if it has been Okayed by your doctor, then you can also take up work from home and get done with your assignments and tasks. This way, you would be occupied while making good progress on your work so that you are not swamped with files when you return back to the office.

  1. Entertain yourself

You can also use this time to entertain yourself by watching movies or listening to music. If you are a book nerd, you could also use this time to get on track with your reading list. This will not only keep you entertained but you would be exposing your baby to many great literary books too.

  1. Take care of yourself

The most important thing to do during bed rest is to take care of yourself. Don’t over stress yourself by performing difficult tasks or complicated tasks. Keep it simple and safe. Make notes or write diary entries, stay loads of water, keep yourself happy and think about how your future is going to look like. Make sure you take your food on time and maintain a healthy, balanced diet too.

Birth

Prepare the bag

Prepare your bag a few days before. Do not forget to take all the information about pregnancy, your membership card and your ID card at the time of entry.

For Mom:

  • Two or three cotton nightgowns, open at the front to facilitate breastfeeding.
  • Two nursing corpses, remember to buy one or two larger sizes.
  • A bathrobe to be in the clinic
  • Slippers, comfortable and do not have to make great efforts to fasten them.
  • Personal hygiene items.

For the baby:

  • A cotton cap, to keep the heat on your head.
  • T-shirts or cotton bodys (3 or 4).
  • Newborn diapers.
  • Pijamitas (2 or 3), and everything that the midwife tells you in the course.

Do not forget to take all the information about pregnancy (ultrasounds, analysis, special tests …)

Recognize labor contractions

Recognize labor contractions

 

The contractions you have had during pregnancy, have been irregular in time, now they will be regular, more intense and longer.

At the beginning of this phase will occur every 15 to 20 minutes and will not hurt much; Then, they will intensify and the periods between each one will be reducing.

If you place your hand on the belly, you will notice how it hardens. When contractions are not yet intense and repeated enough to go to motherhood, several positions can be taken to relieve them.

1. Sit on a chair looking at your back and place your arms on it, lean your head, your back bend.

2. Sit on the floor with a cushion under the buttocks to make them slightly elevated.

Do not eat or drink when contractions start, as it could be a problem if an emergency cesarean section is to be performed. If you are thirsty, wet your lips with wet gauze.

It is advisable to take a shower before going to the maternity, as the shower has a great relaxing effect. It is very important that you perform the relaxation and breathing exercises and do not be afraid to do wrong, a whole team of professionals will be attentive to you, just think about your child.

Pre-birth symptoms

Dilation
The cervix has to “open” to get a space wide enough that the baby can descend. This is what we call dilation.

Before the onset of the period of dilation, certain symptoms appear that will warn us that labor is very close.

Not for all women is equal. By week 36 there are discomforts that you have not experienced before: an unpleasant sensation in the pubis, urination more frequently and some contractions that perceive it as tightening of the abdomen that last about a minute and are repeated every five or ten minutes during Little time.

The discomfort is due to the compression of the head of the fetus by insinuating itself in the pelvis of the mother and to the appearance more and more frequent of contractions.

False contractions
These are contractions, but not labor. They occur because at the end of pregnancy the organism stops producing progesterone (the hormone that has been in charge of controlling and prevent the uterus from contracting) and increases the secretion of oxytocin, another hormone with the opposite function: activate the contractions that will favor the dilatation.

They are false contractions that have nothing to do with those that favor dilation in childbirth: they are not regular and practically do not hurt, they simply cause a strange sensation.

Less fetal movements
The baby has been very comfortable leaning and kicking the walls of the uterus but at the end of the pregnancy moves much less.

They barely take place, it is already in the starting position and you have much less amniotic fluid where you can swim at your leisure. The time of childbirth is near.

Expulsion of the mucus plug Throughout the pregnancy
the uterus has been isolated from the outside thanks to a viscous substance that has taken care to prevent entry to any infectious agent.

Before the dilatation begins, the mucous plug disappears. This is not a symptom of impending childbirth, but it serves to alert us that the moment is already near, perhaps a few hours.

Some women do not realize that they have lost the plug because they confuse it with the increased flow characteristic of the last weeks. It is usually more viscous and sometimes accompanied by a little blood.

Break bag

Break Bag

If you have broken bag, must inform the doctor quickly. It is most likely that labor will begin within the next 12 to 24 hours, but normally if the dilatation does not occur naturally, it will be induced within 24 hours.

The symptoms that you have broken bag are very clear: you will begin to lose liquid, little by little or in large quantities, but you will realize that it is not a simple leak of urine.

You should not worry if it happens outside the house, this happens rarely and when more quantity comes out is lying down, because standing baby’s head blocks the exit of the cervix.

It is normal for the pouch to rupture during labor. It is very important that you observe the color of the liquid that you have expelled, as it will inform us about the baby’s health.

If the tone is strawy and somewhat bloody, there is no reason to be alarmed, because you have probably also expelled the mucous plug.

If it is colorless or whitish, the fetus is almost certainly fine, but it is advisable to explore it to rule out a cord prolapse.

But if the tone is brown, greenish or blackish, there is very likely to be fetal distress, so you should see a doctor right away.
But it is advisable to inform the doctor as soon as possible.

The birth

After birth, the uterus continues contracting to detach and expel the placenta.

These are contractions that are hardly felt but produce the placenta detachment. The doctor will help by gently pulling on the already cut cord and pressing on the abdomen.

After carefully reviewing the birth canal, placenta and membranes, they will proceed to sew the episiotomy.

Meanwhile, neonatologists will be conducting the first health examination on your child and will clean and shelter you.

The expulsion

When the dilation is over, you are ready to go to the delivery room.

There you will be laid on a stretcher specially designed to facilitate childbirth. With each push the baby will walk the small path that away from the outside world.

Bid only when your midwife tells you, because if you do it at an inappropriate time, you can complicate the delivery process.

This phase of childbirth is usually very brief, usually the child comes out in two or three pushings, but can last up to an hour if it is the first time.

Although the monitors indicate that the contractions are very strong, the perception that almost all mothers have is that they are less painful.

If the doctor thinks that tears will occur, you will have an episiotomy (the famous spots). First the head will come, then one shoulder and then the other.

Once both shoulders are expelled, the rest of the baby’s body will slide off easily.

If you have decided to have labor with epidural anesthesia, the indications of the medical team are essential at this time as the contractions do not feel so intense.

The Dilation

 

The dilation

Be prepared to spend several hours dilating, especially if it is your first child. Centimeter by centimeter will open the way that will pass the baby.

If the bag has not ruptured spontaneously, they will do so in the maternity when the dilation has reached approximately 5 cm.

It is a completely painless procedure. As the dilation progresses it will be necessary to put into practice the breathing and relaxation exercises learned in the preparatory classes, these exercises relieve the discomfort caused by the contractions.

When the dilation is ending, the contractions are more intense and followed. It is the moment of the next step: the expulsive phase.

Points. Episiotomy

It is a cut made in the perineum to increase the diameter of the birth canal and prevent the child’s head from tearing the tissues.

The cut is done taking advantage of a contraction (so you do not know) but you will notice that you will notice a small puncture, a local anesthetic to make it less annoying.

Supporters of episiotomy argue its use because they believe that if this cut were not done, the vagina, adjacent muscles or anal area could be torn, and joining in an irregular tear is much harder than doing it in a clean cut.

Its detractors find it unnecessary to intervene in a natural process and claim that many of the incisions made are larger than the tear that would produce the baby’s head.

In any case, it will be the gynecologist who decides the least risky action.

Physical changes in the first trimester of pregnancy

From conception to 12th week of pregnancy. From the moment of the conception, your organism prepares to lodge the fetus. The metabolism adapts to be able to feed it, the hormones cause a kind of tiredness very beneficial for the first months and the breasts begin to prepare for breastfeeding.

These organic changes cause characteristic symptoms that seem from the first days: sleep, fatigue, tension in the breasts.

Dream . The excessive sleep that you will feel during the first months is a resource of the organism that will force you to rest more hours. In this way you will be able to save the energy needed to cope with the enormous effort that the organism is making to manufacture the placenta and adapt to the demands that the fetus will have. You should not fight this tiredness but let your body rest the hours you need.

Need to urinate . The activity of certain hormones often causes the bladder to be emptied even at such an early stage of pregnancy, but the uterus has also increased in size and presses it slightly. In addition, the body fluids have increased and so that no edema occurs and the kidney works faster to eliminate them.

Dizziness and nausea . Its cause is not exactly known. Increased levels of certain hormones may affect the site of the brain where vomiting is regulated and other hormones relax the muscles of the digestive tract.

Tension in the chest . The breasts are more sensitive and begin to grow slightly, the areola around the nipple takes on more pigmentation and can see the blood vessels below the skin.

External changes . The waistline has faded even though the uterus is only the size of an orange. The breasts have rapidly increased in size and the areola of the nipple gets darker and darker. The hormones have ensured that your skin is smoother and hydrated and the hair has more shine and gloss.

Physical changes in the second trimester of pregnancy

13th to 28th week

It is characterized by stability and adaptation and by the disappearance of many of the small discomforts associated with the onset of pregnancy. You may already notice, but slight weight gain does not stop you from leading a normal life.

The belly begins to grow, the nipples can begin to secrete colostrum, the heart beats faster and the different organs are staying with less space because of the growth of the uterus.

Nausea and dizziness disappear during this trimester. The urge to urinate is less frequent. The enlarging uterus moves to the abdominal cavity and pushes the diaphragm several centimeters upwards, but no longer depresses the bladder.

Digestive system . The uterus increases in size by moving the intestines back and to the sides, the stomach moves upwards and, as a result, gastric burning can occur as the gastric secretion is reduced, so that food stays in the stomach longer. Mobility and bowel emptying slow down producing flatulence and constipation.

Bone system . The lumbar curvature increases progressively due to the increase in size and weight of the uterus, which can cause back discomfort. The secret to avoid back pain is to keep it straight and not to bend.

Cardio-respiratory system . As the uterus grows, the diaphragm rises and as a result breathing changes from abdominal to thoracic. The heart also moves a little more up and to the left. It increases the tendency to the formation of varicose veins in the legs produced by the difficulty of returning the veins. The heart beats faster as the volume of blood it pumps increases by almost 40 percent. For this blood to flow without difficulty through the blood vessels, there is a widening that causes the heart to enlarge by a few millimeters.

Physical changes in the third trimester of pregnancy

Week 29 to term

The weight and size of the belly increase considerably, you will be heavier and more tired, so you must find moments during the day to rest.

You can feel isolated uterine contractions, the so-called nesting, because the pelvis begins to widen preparing to let the baby pass.

Hemorrhoids . These varicose veins that appear in the anus zone are aggravated in the last weeks of pregnancy because of the pressure the baby exerts on the area. To avoid its appearance, it is also necessary to avoid constipation. If in spite of these measures hemorrhoids appear, a good measure to relieve the sensation of heaviness and the itch is to apply ice or cold water in them.

Constipation . Peristaltic bowel movements that allow their content to progress decrease in pregnancy. This increases the chances of constipation. In addition, the uterus presses more and more on the rectum which still makes it difficult to eliminate fecal matter. To avoid constipation you have to drink enough fluids, eat vegetables and fruits daily and walk one hour every day. Do not use laxatives without consulting the gynecologist, even natural ones.

Blood pressure . Control your tension since hypertension can be a problem at the end of pregnancy. The main warning signs are: swelling of hands, wrists, ankles, feet and also the face. If this swelling does not go away after night-time rest, see a doctor.

Contractions . During the nine months of pregnancy contractions occur. At first, they are imperceptible, but in the last quarter they are clearly noticeable and may be annoying in recent weeks. However, unlike contractions of labor, they are not painful, nor rhythmic and do not last more than forty or fifty seconds.